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The inclusion of child with mild forms of intellectual disabilities in preschool education

Martina Malnar Novak (2012) The inclusion of child with mild forms of intellectual disabilities in preschool education. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    „Inclusion of children with special needs amongst their peers allows for the optimal development of their abilities and at the same time allows for them to accept and recognize their difference and disabilities which accompanies them throughout their lifespan. At the same time, children with special needs as well as other children and adults are given the opportunity to understand and respect each person as a unique and worthy individual.“ (Samec, 2010) Recently an increase in enrolment of children with mild forms of intellectual disabilities to regular kindergartens has been noted. According to the law in the Republic of Slovenia regarding children with special needs (2011), children with mild forms of intellectual disabilities in the preschool period are included into a program with the aid of curriculum modification and supportive. People with mild forms of intellectual disabilities often have difficulties which are not expressed entirely. There are however difficulties in a specific area of functioning which alerts us to the diversity of the child’s development. As the children with mild forms of intellectual disabilities form an extremely heterogeneous group, it is understandable that creating a general program for education is not possible. The program should be adjusted to meet the needs of the individual child, rather than facilitate the diagnosis of mild forms intellectual disabilities. In my thesis I have presented the problems associated with the development of a child with mild forms of intellectual disabilities and educational approaches to aid effective teaching strategies as well as methodical basics of working with children with mild intellectual disabilities. I have also stressed the importance of team work, supported intervention of professionals (teachers, special education providers) at the preschool education as well as a supportive working partnership with parents. In the empirical part of my research on the basis of the strong identification of the boy ̓s strengths, learning needs, and deficits were used to plan a training program which would enhance his entire development. This was introduced into the daily routine of the preschool education activities. Activities were planned on the basis of the five areas of the Preschool Curriculum (1999) and the method of implementation was conducted in accordance with the instructions to the Curriculum with adjusted implementation and additional professional help for children with special needs (2003). Training was developed and based on interests and problems associated with some areas of functioning. On completion of training I made a descriptive assessment of the child’s functioning and presented the results in tables and graphs. The training was comprised of 153 operational objectives in the areas of cognitive development, socio-emotional development, speech development and communication as well as in the field of independence. Before beginning with training boy achieved 12 of the set aims, partly achieved 77aims of the set aims and was not successful in 64 of the set aims. The biggest problems were present in the areas of cognitive development, speech development and communication and socio-emotional development. Taking into account the boy ̓s strong and weak areas together with adapting the method of implementation of the planned training, the subject advanced in the area of integrated development. On completion of the training the subject achieved 107 of the set aims/goals, partly achieved 41aims /goals of the set aims and was not successful in 5 of the set aims. Progress was made in the area of cognitive development and in the area of caring for himself as well as in the socio-emotional area. It can be concluded from these findings that we can achieve success or progress in the integrated development of children with mild forms of intellectual disabilities through training.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: inclusion, mild forms of intellectual disabilities, early childhood intervention, team work, partnership with parents
    Number of Pages: 99
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Marija KavklerMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9275977)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 856
    Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2012 13:30
    Last Modified: 02 Jul 2012 13:30
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/856

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