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Needs of Children and Adolescents in the First Six Months of their Stay in Residential Child Care Institutions

Tjaša Koren (2022) Needs of Children and Adolescents in the First Six Months of their Stay in Residential Child Care Institutions. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    Placing a child in an institutional residential care means a big change for him and his surroundings. In doing so, his past and future meet. The future will be different from what he is used to. This also changes the way the child's needs are met. The master's degree thesis explores the state of how and to what extent the needs of children in educational institutions are met, and what are the wishes for optimal satisfaction of children's needs. The thesis is divided into three broad areas: the children's needs, the role of educators and the existing system of institutionalized out-of-family care (group homes). The theoretical part of this thesis presents the children's needs through the prism of various experts, the specifics of the population of children with emotional and behavioural difficulties, some general information about residential care, the work of educators and the process of placing a child in a residential care institution. The adaptation period in relation to environmental change is also presented. Based on theoretical findings, a questionnaire was designed for children and educators. The results of the questionnaire presented the general situation as experienced by children and perceived by educators. With the help of three focus groups of children living in an educational institution and four interviews with educators, we tried to capture a comprehensive picture of children's needs in the first six months of their stay in a residential care. We also focused on the systemic arrangements that affect the satisfaction of how the children's needs are met within the institution. At the same time, it is not surprising to realize that needs are individual and specific to each individual, even though we all essentially have the same needs. To optimally meet the needs, educators must rely primarily on the principles of socio-pedagogical work (individualization, normalization, participation, innovation etc.).

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: child and adolescent's needs, residential care, emotional and behavioural, difficulties, adaptation period/accustom phase/acclimatization phase
    Number of Pages: 123
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Nataša Zrim MartinjakMentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/peflj/114093827
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 7273
    Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2022 12:26
    Last Modified: 07 Jul 2022 12:26
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/7273

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