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Encouraging the development of phonological awareness through musical activities by Edgar Willems

Blažka Gaberc (2019) Encouraging the development of phonological awareness through musical activities by Edgar Willems. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    At the end of the preschool period a child is at a certain level of phonological awareness which is an important predictor of later reading ability. It is important to encourage development of phonological awareness in different ways before school entry. Listening, being one of the basic skills of phonological awareness is also part of musical activities which with the improvement of rhythmic and melodic skills also enhance the progress of phonological awareness. The purpose of this master thesis is to investigate the effect of musical activities based on the teaching principles of Edgar Willems on the development of phonological awareness in children as well as to design certain guidelines to help parents, teachers and other experts in conducting musical activities in order to encourage the development of phonological awareness and the overall development of a child. A quasi-experimental research was conducted that included 70 children aged 4 to 7, 35 of which participated in one hour long musical lessons once per week for six months (experimental group) while the other 35 children didn’t receive such lessons (control group). A test of phonological awareness designed by Simona Ažman was employed to evaluate the skills of phonological awareness at the beginning of the six month period and at the end. The results of the ANCOVA (analysis of covariance) showed a statistically significant differences in the level of phonological awareness between the experimental and the control group when compared at the end of the test period. This shows that statistically significant changes in phonological awareness were made by engaging children in musical lessons even when the differences in age and the starting skills of phonological awareness (F(1,66) = 6,17, p = 0,016, partial η2 = 0,09) are taken into account. We’ve also confirmed the hypothesis about the statistically significant effect of age on the development of phonological awareness where the higher age brings a higher score on the phonological awareness test. The differences between the two groups cannot be associated to the differences in sex, the effect of which shoved as statistically unimportant. Based on the founding of this research we can confirm that musical lessons based on the teaching principles of Edgar Willems present a useful and effective tool to encourage the development of phonological awareness in children, especially in the preschool period.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: emerging literacy, pre-reading abilities, phonological awareness, musical activities based on the teaching principles of Edgar Willems
    Number of Pages: 114
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Janez JermanMentor
    doc. dr. Darija SkubicComentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/peflj/12675913
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 6085
    Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 10:06
    Last Modified: 12 Nov 2019 10:06
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/6085

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