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Gender stereotypes in preschool children

Anita Grčman (2019) Gender stereotypes in preschool children. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    Theoretical part of this work delivers definition of gender and its effect on an individual. Fausto-Sterling (2014) distinguishes between biological (sex) and societal (gender). The former is assigned to a newborn child based on the anatomy of external genitals, thereby triggering social response which assigns the gender and dictates proper behavior according to that gender. In addition, this work explains the acquisition of societal roles and the related development of gender, focusing on two proposed hypotheses on the formation of gender identity, namely cognitive developmental theory (represented among the rest by Kohlberg) and gender scheme theory. The introductory part is followed by discussion of the gender differences in different areas of development. Despite differences between boys and girls, similarities between genders are prevalent (Marjanovič Umek, 2009). The discussion is focused on gender-based characteristics of child play and toys. In the last theoretical section stereotypes are presented and their effect on children behavior are discussed. Empirical research of this work is based on an interview involving 24 pre-school children aged between three and six years. The aim of research was to determine, whether gender-based stereotypes appear in pre-school children and if so, whether the stereotypes are influenced by sex and age. The research have confirms that gender-based stereotypes are formed at the pre-school stage both in boys and girls. Apparently boys are more prone to stereotypes than girls. The comments given by children during the discussion reflects stereotype-driven reasoning. In general, boys are stereotyped to a larger extent than girls because they are less tolerated to adopt behavior typical of girls than vice versa. The results showed that both, younger and older boys and girls are stereotyped.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: preschooler, gender identity, gender differences, sexual stereotypes
    Number of Pages: 36
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Marcela Batistič ZorecMentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/peflj/12606537
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5992
    Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 14:26
    Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 14:26
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5992

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