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Teaching traffic signs with didactic games

Špela Lumpert (2019) Teaching traffic signs with didactic games. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    Students come into contact with road signalisation every day. Often they would misread them and take wrong actions. One of the goals of teaching is making the students understand road signalisation they encounter in the role of pedestrians and cyclists. The teacher’s assignment is to provide the students with appropriate activities that do so. The method of didactic games can be used for this, because it is close to the students’ sympathies and makes it possible for them to actively acquire knowledge. In the theoretical part of this thesis we more accurately defined traffic education, touched on the topic of children in road accidents and listed the characteristics of a child’s development between years 6 and 11 from the viewpoint of road safety. We then defined traffic education through the aspect of the dividing of responsibilities among the parents and the school, described the rules a child must abide by as a pedestrian, a cyclist and a passenger and focused on the visibility in traffic. We put special attention on road signalisation and didactic games. Especially for this research we designed special didactic games on the topic of road signalisation. The purpose of the research was to examine the level of efficiency of didactic games as a tool for discussing road signalisation for pedestrians and cyclists in the 3rd, 4th and 5th grade of elementary school. We are interested to see if the method of didactic games helps to a better familiarity and understanding of road signalisation, important for the behaviour of pedestrians and cyclists. Sixty 3rd, 4th and 5th year students from a chosen elementary school from the Dolenjska region were included in the research. First the prior knowledge of students was examined using a pre-test, then the examination via the method of didactic games for road signalisation for pedestrians and cyclists followed, and finally the students’ knowledge was re-examined using an after-test. The pre-test and the after-test were structurally similar and did not differentiate for students of different grades. The results of the research showed the method of didactic games is useful for the familiarity and understanding of road signalisation for pedestrians and cyclists from the 3rd to the 5th grade. In every grade the students achieved on average higher scores on the after-test compared to the pre-test. The 3rd grade students averaged an 8.8 score on the pre-test and 11.6 on the after-test. The 4th grade students achieved an average of 12.4 on the pre-test and 15.3 on the after-test. The 5th grade students averaged a 12.1 score on the pre-test and 16.7 on the after-test. The average across all three grades amounted to 10.8 for the pre-test and 14.2 for the after-test. On average the students improved for 3.4 points. The data acquired is helpful for teachers of lower classes in elementary school and the fields of didacticism and humanities. It adds quality to traffic education.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: traffic education, road signalisation, didactic games, lower classes in elementary school
    Number of Pages: 130
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Maja UmekMentor
    doc. dr. Irena HerganComentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/peflj/12600905
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5981
    Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2019 10:46
    Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 10:46
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5981

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