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Adults' attitudes towards healthy diet recommendations

Anja Bregar (2019) Adults' attitudes towards healthy diet recommendations. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    One of the main factors for improving and protecting health is healthy eating. This is why individuals should eat a healthy and balanced diet, which is based on the recommendations for individual’s physiological needs for energy and nutrients that vary depending on the stage of life, gender and lifestyle. It is important to know and follow the recommendations on healthy eating in adults because this improves proper nutritional choices and dietary habits. If individuals have knowledge of healthy eating, they protect their health and reduce the risk of disease. The purpose of this master’s thesis was to determine the attitude of adults to nutritional recommendations, to determine how well adults know nutritional recommendations and follow them and to establish the inhibiting factors that cause adults to disregard the nutritional recommendations. In this thesis, the descriptive method and the quantitative research approach were used. The sample included 177 adult Slovenians aged 25 to 65. A survey was used for data collection with a questionnaire as a method. We have established that adults have a positive attitude to recommendations on healthy eating, with the exception of recommendations for milk and milk products, the knowledge of fats that are harmful to health (trans-unsaturated and saturated fatty acids) and the knowledge of the healthy eating plate and thus the knowledge of recommendations on the appropriate ratio of food groups on the plate. The recommendations on healthy eating are only partially taken into account by adults. The consideration of recommendations for meat products and milk and milk products is of particular concern, although other recommendations are also not taken into account sufficiently. There are several possible causes for their disregard. One of them might be that adults are very optimistic about their diet, while the reality might be different. Another cause might also be that adults pay too little attention to the amount of certain foods that they consume (salt, sugar, fatty foods, trans-unsaturated fatty acids, fruit, vegetables and liquid). Another reason may also be that adults – especially those older than 45 and those with a lower level of education – are more likely to believe claims that can be labelled as myths (inappropriate information) on diet than claims that can be labelled as truth (appropriate information) on diet. Adults also believe that healthy eating is expensive and that information on healthy eating is contradictory, which can also lead to disregarding the recommendations. Our assessment is that adults need to be better informed and their nutritional literacy improved, which will improve the selection and consumption of healthy food. Healthy eating should be promoted especially in adults with a lower level of education. The information and advice should be aimed at promoting healthy nutritional choices and eliminating inhibitory factors that cause the disregard of the nutritional recommendations.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: nutrition, nutritional recommendations, healthy eating, adults
    Number of Pages: 91
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Stojan KostanjevecMentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/peflj/12490825
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5803
    Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2019 11:29
    Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 11:29
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5803

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