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Physical activity and health related quality of life in patients with end stage renal disease

Petra Malešič (2019) Physical activity and health related quality of life in patients with end stage renal disease. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    End stage renal disease can effect different areas of a human life - physical, mental and psychosocial. Associated illnesses and strenuous renal replacement therapy can alter patient’s quality of life. In comparison to general population, patients on renal replacement therapy report a lower level of movement and give a lower subjective assessment of the health-related quality of life. One of the areas that can have a positive effect on their physical and psychological well-being as well as social inclusion is the physical activity. The purpose of the study was to determine whether there are any statistically significant differences in physical activity and health-related quality of life between patients with end-stage renal disease and healthy study participants, in terms of physical and mental components. We were also interested whether there are differences in the quality of life of patients with end-stage renal disease in physical and mental components based on the level of their physical activity. The results on the health-related quality of life were obtained with the SF-36v2 questionnaire and the results of the physical activity with the HAP questionnaire. The study involved 233 adults, including 92 patients with end-stage renal disease that are receiving renal replacement therapy with hemodialysis and 141 renal healthy control subjects. Patients with end-stage renal disease were evenly divided into 3 groups according to the AAS scale (normal level of physical movement) of the HAP questionnaire in terms of the level of physical activity into physically inactive (n1 = 32), moderately physically active (n2 = 30) and physically active (n3 = 30). The results show that patients with end-stage renal disease have a lower health-related quality of life on mental component and are less physically active compared to renal healthy participants. Results related to the group of moderately active show that patients with end stage renal disease assessed their mental component of health-related quality of life as lower, but the differences between the subjects are not statistically significant. We found that there are statistically significant differences among physically active patients with end-stage renal disease on the physical component of the health-related quality of life – among physically inactive patients and moderately physically active group of patients and among the physically inactive and physically active group. Depending on the level of the physical activity among patients with end-stage renal disease, there are no statistically significant differences in the mental component of the health-related quality of life. The results of the survey were conveyed into the area of special education via reference literature and the interview conducted. As a special education and rehabilitation teacher deals with children with long-term illnesses, s/he may also work with children and teenagers with end-stage renal disease, therefore we compiled practical guidelines for special education teacher.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: end stage renal disease, physical activity, health related quality of life
    Number of Pages: 82
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Tjaša FilipčičMentor
    izr. prof. dr. Jernej PajekComentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/peflj/12490569
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5802
    Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2019 11:30
    Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 11:30
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5802

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