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Home study environment of Roma children

Stanislav Stariha (2019) Home study environment of Roma children. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    The available data shows that Slovenian elementary schools experience high drop-out rates of Roma children, especially in elementary schools situated in the Dolenjska and Bela krajina regions. Roma children grow up in a cultural and linguistic environment that is much different from the one their peers experience. The living conditions of the Roma people are worse than those of the majority of the population. Roma parents are mostly uneducated and consequently unemployed; due to their lack of schooling, their children are also deprived, since the parents are unable to help them with their schoolwork. Moreover, Roma parents do not place a great deal of importance on education at all, and therefore, they have low expectations regarding their childrens' school success. The purpose of this thesis was to study the influence of certain factors of the domestic learning environment on the school performance of Roma children; namely, the socioeconomic position of the families, the parents' knowledge regarding their childrens' education, the acceptance of Roma children by their classmates, the knowledge of the Slovenian language of Roma pupils and the participation in preschool education programmes were all taken into account. In the thesis, a qualitative research approach and a descriptive research method were used. The sample used in the research included three Roma assistants, eight Roma families, twentythree Roma school-age children and twenty-seven of their teachers. The data was obtained through interviews and the observation of the home environment of Roma families, as well as questionnaires given out to Roma assistants and teachers. The interviews were recorded and later transcribed. All of the data obtained was then analyzed qualitatively. The collected data shows that only two out of twenty-three Roma children that participated in the research are enrolled in the ninth grade, while all the others attend lower grades. In subjects such as Slovene language, Mathematics, English language, Social Science and Science, the grades of Roma children are below average. Fourteen out of twenty-three children had to repeat a year at least once. The domestic learning environment has a detrimental effect on the learning performance of Roma children. Three families that participated in the research have a low socio-economic standard. Teachers state that children have a very modest vocabulary. At home, the members of families speak in the Romani language, two families also use Croatian. The lack of knowledge of the Slovene language could be addressed by early enrollment in a preschool program; however, only 8 of the 23 children interviewed attended kindergarten. Only 2 out of 23 children regularly bring home homework. As many as 14 out of 23 children are often absent from school. Only two parents of Roma families could tell exactly how successful their children are at school. The studied domestic learning environment for Roma children does not provide enough incentive for successful schooling to take place.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: elementary school, Roma pupils, school performance, home learning, environment
    Number of Pages: 94
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Marija KavklerMentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/12371273
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5670
    Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2019 08:28
    Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 08:28
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5670

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