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An analysis of motor responses to a variety of physical activities for children in kindergarten

Maruša Čebulj (2018) An analysis of motor responses to a variety of physical activities for children in kindergarten. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    The aim of the diploma thesis was the analysis of children's motor responses to different performance of motor activities in a kindergarten. Kindergarten teachers need to make professional decisions about the choice of concepts, approaches and working methods. The possibility of their own choice provides an open curriculum, which is the professional foundation for work in Slovenian public kindergartens. Various researches imply that kindergarten teachers decide to choose other alternative working methods that are based on a process-oriented curriculum and one of them is a game method that we explored in detail. The concept of Game-movement-development (IGR) was designed by A. Cemič who offered the game method inside the concept. According to her opinion, this method is the most effective and appropriate in the preschool period. The performances of motor activities were carried out in the public kindergarten Medo Prevoje. As a sample we took a group of nineteen children, aged 3 to 4 years. During a three-time visit we carried out three motor activities that differed in the way of leading. The first and the second way of leading of motor activities were performed according to the demands of the game method. The first time that we carried out a motor activity we took over a certain character and we led the game. The second time we used a letter that motivated children for further work and that was used for presenting the problem of the game to the children. In the letter it was written the rule that children needed to follow during the game. The third time we carried out motor activities by explaining the rules of the game with the method of explanation, which is not a method of the concept IGR. We recorded motor activities because we wanted to analyse children’s motor responses. We were interested in how a kindergarten teacher, as a mentally more developed partner, can join the game in a way that he or she leads the game and what are the things that the teacher has to pay attention to. We analysed children’s motor responses by using recordings of motor responses and we analysed each child in all three indicators. We wanted to determine at which type of leading of motor activities children show more creativity when solving motor challenges. We were interested also in the intensity and duration of motor activities. The analysis of planning and performance of motor activities show that it is very important how the teachers involve themselves in the game and how they lead it. We found out that the activities that were carried out with the game method, enabled children to solve motor challenges in a more creative way. With this method children stay motivated and highly active throughout the activity. Furthermore, the percentage of running was higher than the percentage of walking and, also, the main part of the lesson of motor activities lasted longer with this method.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: preschool children, movement, concept IGR, working method, game method, motor responses
    Number of Pages: 38
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Jera GregorcMentor
    Link to COBISS: https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/peflj/12287817
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5561
    Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2019 09:28
    Last Modified: 21 Jan 2019 09:28
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5561

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