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Loops and recursions in cognitive science: cross-roads between methodology and epistemology

Florian Klauser and Urban Kordeš (2018) Loops and recursions in cognitive science: cross-roads between methodology and epistemology. Interdisciplinary description of complex systems, 16 (4). pp. 524-532. ISSN 1334-4676

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    Official URL: http://indecs.eu/

    Abstract

    This article addresses the need for cognitive science to loop back and examine its roots and presuppositions, pointing out the three recursive issues: 1.) The observer effect or how observing a phenomenon affects the phenomenon that is being observed, an issue that has been acknowledged by natural science, which cognitive science attempts to emulate, and empirical phenomenology, but not cognitive science itself; 2.) Human kinds or how our research affects us, the researchers, and society (people’s self-understandings), an issue which forms a loop with the observer effect – observation thus changing the observed, the observer, as well as itself, and 3.) The dangers of over-eager extrapolation or how complexity is lost during shifts in explanatory level, issues pertaining to using findings from studies of one explanatory level (e.g. experiments with rats) to inform a different explanatory level (issues within human society). Finally, the article presents a fourth recursive loop which presents a potential solution to the above: a self-correcting mechanism that allows science to recursively correct its mistakes and improve on its own work.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: observer effect, human kinds, recursion, looping effects, philosophy of science
    Related URLs:
    URLURL Type
    https://www.indecs.eu/2018/indecs2018-pp524-532.pdfAlternative location
    https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/12264265Alternative location
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5544
    Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2019 13:24
    Last Modified: 03 Jan 2019 13:24
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5544

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