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Teaching music in primary school with information and communications technology support

Jožko Lango (2011) Teaching music in primary school with information and communications technology support. PhD thesis.

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    Abstract

    The primary goal of this Ph D dissertation is to study the efficiency of teaching music in primary school based on information and communications technology (ICT). The purpose of the thesis is to find out advantages and disadvantages of teaching music with ICT support. Theoretical part of Ph D thesis includes the activities that cause teaching of music more effective. Active learning that enables the development of certain skills and upgrading knowledge turned out to be the most efficient one. Another activity that we have also directed attention was internal motivation which encourages learning as it comes from inside of a pupil and what is more it is self-regulating. It also turned out that a connection of internal and external motivation leads to effective learning. The experimental research was carried out in the school year 2008/2009 in order to find out the effective use of ICT during music lesson. Two groups were formed for the research purposes. In the first one there were class teachers teaching music in the first cycle and the class teachers teaching music in the second cycle of primary school. The second group consisted of experimental and control group. The experimental group included two classes of five graders from one school and the control group had two classes of five graders from another school. Knowledge of music, rhythmic and melodic ear for music, motivation and melodic creativity were tested before the experimental research actually began. Then systematic work with the experimental group started. ICT was used while teaching pupils music. The pupils using Final Note computer programme designed rhythmical and melodic notes of songs and worked together with the e-learning support. The pupils who wrote down musical notation could also listen and record their music. At the of the research, which lasted one school year the same test as before the beginning of the research was carried out in both groups i.e., in the experimental and the control group. The significant outcomes of the research reveal that the teachers as well as the pupils are in favour of ICT during music lessons, it also turned out that ICT has a positive effect on the pupils’ motivation and their rhythmic and melodic ear. The research showed no positive effects on pupils’ melodic creativity, nevertheless, the pupils from experimental group reached better results that the ones in the control group. The qualitative research showed the advantages and disadvantages of teaching supported by ICT. The advantages of using ICT during music lessons are the following: the independence of the pupils, mutual cooperation and support while making melodies or interpretations and constructivism of the knowledge. Furthermore the pupils were not only able to listen to their own music creations and interpretations but also change and send their notes via e-mail. The practice shows that any pupil can be successful, and the progress of each individual can be monitored by the music teacher. The level of the pupils’ digital literacy and the knowledge of the music theory showed certain disadvantages which may be due to the fact that some pupils let their peers do all the work. Besides, ICT cannot be the dominant support for teaching music. Information technology contributes to the pupils’ motivation and provides mutual cooperation and supports and e-learning. The teachers conduct and moderate the learning process. Checking and assessing pupils has changed, too; now it is adjusted to each learner individually. Integrating ICT into classroom requires appropriate hardware and software. Another important issue is digital literacy of the teachers and their willingness to use ICT in the classroom.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
    Keywords: primary school, second cycle, music, ICT, musical notation programme
    Number of Pages: 276
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Barbara Sicherl KafolMentor
    izr. prof. dr. Andrej MissonComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9049417)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 535
    Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2011 07:19
    Last Modified: 08 Dec 2011 07:19
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/535

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