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Creative problem solving of technical and technological issues in fifth grade of elementary school

Irena Uljančič (2018) Creative problem solving of technical and technological issues in fifth grade of elementary school. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    Creativity is a rather broad concept, which can be found in several areas, including technical courses and technology. The thesis confirms this statement with several examples of implementation of creative lessons. The teacher is the person, who can offer their students alternative approaches or techniques of creative problem solving of technical and technological issues. The thesis introduces a general and detailed overview of creativity; the process of creating a creative idea and the standards, which are necessary to establish, if an idea is in fact creative. The usefulness of an idea is also important – it is insufficient if an individual only suggests ideas, which are not useful or cannot be implemented. The thesis introduces the effects of the environment to creativity from various perspectives; the findings suggest the teachers play an important part in encouraging creativity. The following part includes a comparison between creativity and talent by reviewing various sources to avoid a very often mistake in understanding these two terms. The importance of technical creativity is also discussed in detail, since it has strongly influenced the historical development of civilisation. It is very important to encourage the students to think creatively in the first grades of the elementary education. The second part of the thesis presents a survey Technical Course and I (Tehnika in jaz), which was filled out by 109 students in the fifth grade of an elementary school. The aim of the survey is to learn about their relationship to the technical and technological course (within the subjects of “Natural Sciences” and “Technical Course”). The findings suggest the students reached the highest results on the scale from 1 to 5 in the survey part of being aware technical course is important in their lives (M=3.87), and the knowledge they receive is useful (M=4.03). On the other hand, the students answered in average M=3.30 they believe technical course is demanding. The students answered in average M=2.57 when asked if they have any intention of continuing their education in the course of a technical profession. Most of the participants answered they would not introduce changes to their technical course, while the most often answers, among others, included the students wish for more interesting products, less note taking and less disorder. Some have expressed they find it too demanding. The same sample of students were also tested for the effect of the creative problem solving of technical and technological issues, and the students were divided into an experimental and control groups. Both groups were given a pre-test and a post-test of creativity, while the experimental group participated in creative workshops between the tests. The results of the post-test in the experimental group have shown important differences to the pre-test. In average the students gathered 4.76 points higher on the post-test than on the pre-test. The effect of the workshops in the experimental group in comparison with the traditional course was also monitored and concluded it is of medium size (Cohen d=0.65). The model has been recognised as suitable for educational work and enables an even development considering the gender as well (α > 0.05).

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: technical creativity, creative thinking techniques, relationship towards technology, creativity test
    Number of Pages: 80
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Stanislav AvsecMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=12108873)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5266
    Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2018 12:41
    Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 12:41
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5266

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