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Teaching the natural science and technology subject in the 4th and 5th grades of elementary school outside on the school premises

Maruša Novljan (2018) Teaching the natural science and technology subject in the 4th and 5th grades of elementary school outside on the school premises. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    Today, children spend most of their time inside, in school they sit for almost 5 hours. When they come home, they sit in front of the television and computers, leading to the fact that they spend less time playing outside – in nature like in the past. However, teachers easily forget to encourage or offer outdoor activities to learners, that will leave a positive influence on them. With this the possibility to spend some quality time outdoors while being in school is disabled. The school subject that supports a lot of activities in nature is Science and Technology. With master’s thesis, we tried to identify the real state of classes in the nature at the subject Science and Technology. We were interested in the amount of the classes, spent in the nature, that are performed during the lessons of Science and Technology by teachers and if there are noticeable differences between teachers themselves (years of working experiences, early experiences with outdoor education in the school’s nearby and school’s location) and between teachers and learners. We also tried to get an insight into the connections between the teachers’ favourite subject to teach and the subject that is most commonly taught outdoors in the nearby of the school by teachers. We were researching the differences (ideas and difficulties of the outdoor education, suitability and achievements of the teaching aims) between physical and chemical contents in comparison with other teaching contents written in the syllabus for the subject Science and Technology in the outdoor activities. We made the research based on a descriptive method of pedagogical research and a quantitative research approach. There were 70 primary teachers of 4th and 5th grade and 154 learners of 4th grade and 151 learners of 5th grade of elementary school included in the research. The data was obtained with two questionnaires that included open and closed questions for teachers and learners. With the research, we have got an insight into the opinions and realizations of the outdoor education in the nearby of the school during the classes of Science and Technology from the point of view of the teachers and learners. With empirical part of the research, we collected the date from practice about the amount of the outdoor education in the nearby of the school performed by the teacher at the subject Science and Technology. The teachers’ answers showed that they implement 13 % of the outdoor education into their educational process. The results showed statistically significant differences between teachers with different years of work, while differences did not arise among the teachers who teach at a urban school compared to teachers who teach at a rural school. There are no differences in the amount of outdoor education among teachers who have an early experience with outdoor education in the nearby of the school compared to the teachers who have no early experience with outdoor education in the nearby of the school. The results of the research show that teachers perform more outdoor education in the nearby of the school than the learners perceive. Teachers’ responses do not identify the differences between the appropriateness of the implementation and the achievements of the teaching aims of physical and chemical content compared to the biological content. We found out that the teachers listed more topics from the physical and chemical fields relating to the outdoor education in the nearby of the school than learners did. With the master’s thesis, we gained ideas for the implementing thematical sets in the outdoor education in the nearby of the school, which fit with with the ideas from the textbooks.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: outdoor education, subject Science and Technology, physical and chemical contents, experiences
    Number of Pages: 80
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Jerneja PavlinMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=12109385)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5265
    Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2018 12:41
    Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 12:41
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5265

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