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Comparative aspects of the techological literacy of teachers and future teachers of engineering and technology

Barbara Pajk (2018) Comparative aspects of the techological literacy of teachers and future teachers of engineering and technology. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    Technological literacy as the main product of technical education has become a key factor in our technologically advanced society. The role of a techniques and technologies (TAT) teacher is increasingly more critical, as well as oriented towards current trends and the needs of the market. In the introductory and theoretical part of this master’s thesis, we will discuss the concept and the role of technological literacy (TL) as well as the attitude towards techniques and technology. A research about TL has already been made for pupils in the first and second triad of primary school, as well as the 9th grade. Last year (2017) I made a research about the technological literacy of primary school TAT teachers. In this thesis we will focus on the TL of teachers and future teachers of TAT, given that they play a crucial role in educating pupils. We will also take a look at the attitude of pupils towards techniques and technologies, and find out whether it affects their TL. The main objectives of my master’s thesis were learning about the TL of TAT teachers and future teachers and with that contribute to a better understanding of the nature of TL and the process of teaching TAT contents and also discovering to what extent the TAT and TL are connected. After examining the methods of measuring the TL of pupils and adults, we chose a recently developed method for a complete measurement of TL, based on TL standards (Avsec, 2010), which will allow us to make an adequate comparison of the results. A survey questionnaire was added to this method. For researching the attitude and TL we used an unstandardized questionnaire called “Technique and I”. The measured TL of TAT teachers was 64.48 %, the TL of first year undergraduate future teachers was 64.29 % and the TL of first year graduate future teachers 58.57 %. The technological knowledge had the highest arithmetic mean of all the abilities. The teachers reached 83.36 %, first year undergraduate future teachers 83.36 % and first year graduate future teachers 81.81 %. Meanwhile, the dimensions of technological abilities and the ability of critical thinking and deciding were significantly deviating. Teachers reached 54.75 % at technological abilities and 56.91 % at the ability of critical thinking and deciding. First year undergraduate future reached 52.75 % and 54.16 % respectively, while first year graduate future teachers reached 36.08 % and 55.50 % respectively. When studying the effect of TAT on TL, we have discovered that students who are interested in TAT do have a higher TL in general as well as in individual abilities. The category of the awareness of the importance of TAT was negative when connecting the components of critical thinking and deciding to the attitude towards techniques. Teachers and future teachers of TAT still lack in knowledge about engineering as well as in the ability of designing and planning. They also work in an inappropriately homelike environment in regard to the disposability of technical workshops and the motivation for using computer equipment on a higher level. The contents of the TAT curriculum for 6th to 8th grade needs additional realignment and an upgrade based on standards for TL.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: technical education, technological literacy, technological literacy standards, technological literacy of techniques and technologies teachers, pupils’ attitude towards techniques and technology
    Number of Pages: 81
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Stanislav AvsecMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=12109641)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5260
    Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2018 11:56
    Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 11:56
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5260

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