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Fourteen-year-old students' misconceptions regarding the sub-micro and symbolic levels of specific chemical concepts

Miha Slapničar and Valerija Tompa and Saša A. Glažar and Iztok Devetak (2018) Fourteen-year-old students' misconceptions regarding the sub-micro and symbolic levels of specific chemical concepts. Journal of Baltic science education, 17 (4). pp. 620-632. ISSN 2538-7138

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    Abstract

    Learning and presenting chemi- cal concepts at the triple level of chemical concepts provides opportunities for the de - velopment of misconceptions. The research aimed to identify potential misconceptions of chemical concepts: the states of matter, a pure substance, a mixture, an element, a compound, a physical change, and a chemical reaction at the sub-micro level when solving problems incorporating sub-microrepresentations. A total of 188 14-year old students, attending six different primary schools, participated in the re - search. A chemistry achievement test com- prising five problems at the macroscopic, sub-micro, and symbolic levels was used to obtain data about students’ miscon- ceptions of selected concepts. The results showed that the majority of students had formed inadequate mental models (mis - conceptions) for the chemical concept of the liquid state of water (66.5%). The lowest level of misconceptions is related with the gaseous state of matter, because almost all students (98.5%) solved the problem cor - rectly. It can be concluded that the results of the research are significant for chemistry teachers because they can: select and apply adequate educational strategies to avoid the deepening or development of miscon- ceptions and make the courses practically oriented by analysing students’ misconcep - tions and develop teaching strategies to minimise these problems in the chemistry classroom

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: chemical concepts, primary, school, misconceptions, sub-micro level, symbolic level
    Related URLs:
    URLURL Type
    http://oaji.net/articles/2017/987-1533708866.pdfAlternative location
    https://plus.si.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/12095817Alternative location
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5249
    Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2018 10:10
    Last Modified: 23 Aug 2018 10:10
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5249

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