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Understanding perspective as a visual syntax phenomenon amongst nine graders

Saša Bitenc (2018) Understanding perspective as a visual syntax phenomenon amongst nine graders. MSc thesis.

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    Perspective is usually considered as a mechanism for building the illusion of space, there for it is a spatial key. It is also thought as the latter. However, the structure of the visual language reveals that the artistic syntax, which also includes perspective, has two levels, that is, the syntax of art space and the syntax of the artistic composition. These two levels are always intertwined in any artwork. When an artist creates an art space, he simultaneously adapts it to the visual composition and vice versa. Therefore, "mistakes" in the perspective of fine arts are in fact often not errors, but are the result of decisions about the violation of perspectives of the composition. In my master's thesis, I am interested in the perspective as a spatial key and at the same time as a compositional phenomenon, and therefore not only as a mechanism (often template) for the construction of the illusion of space, but as a comprehensive art-syntactic phenomenon. My research was carried out theoretically and empirically. In the theoretical part, I reflected upon the phenomenon of perspective in relation to the structure of the visual language and in relation to the double nature of the artistic syntax. I analysed this by using various cases from art history. In the empirical part of the research, I examined whether and how 9th grade students, who learn perspectives as a spatial key, understand perspective in this dual art-syntactic role. Firstly, I determined the knowledge of the students (what they were learning, in what way and what they knew about perspective) on the basis of examples of their products, which were created during the lessons when they learned about the perspective and with the help of a series of questions. Then I conducted a lesson with the students in which I taught the perspective as a comprehensive art-syntactic phenomenon. On the basis of art products, made during this lesson and on the basis of a new series of asked questions, I determined how their understanding of the perspective has changed. I directed them to integrate their understanding and knowledge, which they had previously acquired about the perspective, into a broader understanding of art syntax.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: Visual language, visual syntax, perspective, visual composition, art space, spatial keys
    Number of Pages: 64
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Jurij SelanMentor
    viš. pred. dr. Uršula PodobnikComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=12022345)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 5105
    Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2018 16:24
    Last Modified: 11 Jun 2018 16:24
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/5105

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