# Learning about round and regular shapes in a group of children 2−3 years of age

Andreja Potokar (2018) Learning about round and regular shapes in a group of children 2−3 years of age. Diploma thesis.

## Abstract

Children come across mathematics in their pre-school period, that is why the topic of my thesis covers this part of the curriculum. Early mathematical experience has an influence on the child's intelectual and mental development. In the thesis with the title Learning about round and regular shapes in a group of children 2–3 years of age I focused on geometry, more specifically getting to know how children cope with round and regular shapes at an early age. Various theories and authors describe learning geometric terminology. The basic van Hiele theory on learning geometry has been closely examined and followed. It emphasizes the importance of getting knowledge through practical experience and gradually progressing from the visual stage towards the descriptive analytical one. Adults play a vital role helping children to form certain concepts and relations among them. The teachers can follow Hejny's principles of organising mathematical activities in order to achieve high standards in teaching mathematics. The theoretical part contains beside ideas on learning geometry, also some facts about learning mathematics in kindergartens based on the Slovenian curriculum for kindergartens ''Kurikulum za vrtce'' (1999). Some facts about experiential learning are presented since they enable a variety of valuable experience for children. Children in the pre-school period learn quickly and efficiently, mostly through their own activities. The empirical part thus includes mostly activities which enable experiential learning since children are directly involved in them. This way they gain more knowledge and memorizing is better. The crucial part of experiential learning is play, especially in the pre-school period. The role of adults is of great importance. In the empirical part I try to find out whether it is possible to check the children's knowledge of geometry before and after the activities and in what way. I have come to the conclusion that the knowledge slightly differs among children but it cannot be generalized on the entire generation. Play is the most important source of experiential learning, which helps children to overcome their fears and demonstrate their knowledge. Older children develop faster, which has been expected.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
Keywords: Mathematics in a kindergarten, geometry, round and regular shapes, play, experiential learning
Number of Pages: 57
Language of Content: Slovenian
Mentor / Comentors:
Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
izr. prof. dr. Tatjana Hodnik ČadežMentor
Institution: University of Ljubljana
Department: Faculty of Education
Item ID: 5049
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2018 08:47