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Tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis: experiences and opinions of preschool teachers about the issues

Nika Stradovnik (2017) Tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis: experiences and opinions of preschool teachers about the issues. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    Natural environment affects people in a positive way. Being in a natural environment raises our level of concentration, makes us feel better overall, offers the possibility of outdoor recreation, reduces stress, and has a beneficial effect on our health, cognitive and ethical development, communication, sensorimotor system, and our social-emotional development. But we have to be aware of ticks that also live in the woods and can be potential carriers of many types of viruses, bacteria and parasites. Ticks can also cause severe illnesses, like Lyme disease or tick-borne meningoencephalitis. To prepare children for the future, we have to confront them with the tick-issue and teach them how to prevent and protect themselves against ticks. Preschool curriculum (1999) encourages children to get to know and spend time in the natural environment. It also states that children must learn by attending the subject nature how to protect themselves from injuries and illnesses. Teachers could take tick-issue as a challenge, and teach children all protection measures against ticks. That way they would be able to healthily and safely learn while being in nature. The main goal of this dissertation is to find out what are the experiences and opinions of teachers regarding preventive measures against ticks and how it affects the consisting curriculum. 158 teachers around Slovenia took part in our research. The research showed that most common protection measures against ticks that teachers use at work are repellents, making sure that children are properly clothed, and that parents are well-informed about proper protection measures. One-fifth of the participants do not use any protection measures to protect children against ticks. The research showed that one-sixth of the teachers participating always check the children after being in nature, half of the teachers check the children occasionally, and one-third never check the children. If a teacher finds a tick on a child, they remove it when this is possible. However, one-third of the teachers do not remove the ticks themselves but they inform the parents or legal guardians about the situation. One-third of the teachers encourage children to take part in preventive measures to protect themselves against ticks. Often teachers encourage children to check themselves and teach them how to use repellents, and how to dress properly. The research showed that many teachers do not like ticks or they are afraid of them. However, they are very interested in various additional training or lectures involving ticks, and diseases ticks carry. One of the important findings also shows that ticks do not affect the frequency of preschool groups visiting the nature. This research is important because these kinds of studies about using protection measures against ticks in Slovenian nursery schools do not exist yet. Results we gathered will help create new guidelines for taking preventive actions in preschools and to be better protected against infections.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: tick, diseases, preventive measures, protection measures, the woods, teacher
    Number of Pages: 52
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Gregor TorkarMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=11693385)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 4649
    Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2017 09:19
    Last Modified: 13 Sep 2017 09:19
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/4649

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