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Gender differences in bullying among primary school children

Špela Ivančič (2017) Gender differences in bullying among primary school children. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    In my master thesis, I was particularly interested in the gender-related differences in peer violence. In order to illustrate and understand those differences, I first presented how boys and girls differ in their biological and psychological characteristics, then I wrote about the impact of socialization on shaping those differences. I also wrote about the different attitudes parents and teachers have towards boys or girls when it comes to education. Then I presented how gender-related differences are manifested in violence. I described and compared various studies on the subject and related them to the findings of my study. It is important to be aware that it is necessary to prevent and eliminate bullying and that school and pupils’ parents have a significant role in doing it. To help address this problem, I also presented some precautionary and curative activities, in the theoretical part, that contribute to the prevention of this phenomenon. In the empirical part, I studied the differences between the genders reflected in peer violence among primary school pupils. By doing a quantitative study, I collected data with a survey questionnaire. For more in-depth understanding of violence, I did a qualitative research, in which I interviewed two students who had been exposed to violence over a longer period of time. The results of my study show that there are differences between boys and girls regarding peer violence. I discovered that boys more often make use of physical and verbal bullying, whereas girls tend to exclude their peers and gossip. The proportion of boys making use of the last two forms is approximately the same as the proportion of girls. The survey results also show that violence against both sexes is more often performed by boys. They more frequently find themselves in the role of victim and bully at the same time than girls. Both genders mostly do not know why they are bullied, however, when they do, the cause is most often a quarrel between friends and with girls also their physical appearance. The gender of the victim statistically significantly influences the circumstances of the violence which is manifested in the duration of the bullying and the grade the bullies they are tormented by come from. There are, however, no statistically significant gender-related differences when it comes to the number of bullies tortured by nor to the time or place where victims are bullied. I showed that gender-related differences are also reflected in the way of responding to violence. Tortured boys usually react with anger and hit back, whereas abused girls experience emotional distress and confide to their parents about it. In addition, the survey results show that teachers more or less equally recognize violence and take measures if it occurs, regardless of the sex of the involved.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: bullying/peer violence, school, gender/sex, boys, girls, experiencing violence
    Number of Pages: 136
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Alenka PolakMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=11561801)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 4477
    Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2017 08:51
    Last Modified: 01 Jun 2017 08:51
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/4477

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