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A wheelchair-bound child integration in the class supported by dance workshops

Anja Tegelj (2016) A wheelchair-bound child integration in the class supported by dance workshops. MSc thesis.

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    Abstract

    Expressed through the rhythm a dance is a body talk, a beauty of the art, even a sport where two or more bodies are synchronously intertwined. Dance liberates body and soul, it connects and brings happiness. Since 1996 Slovenia encourages physically disabled children to enroll in regular learning programs in primary schools. While it sets significant challenges to the educators it contributes greatly to a better acceptance of differences between children. For successful integration of physically disabled children just a lawful enrollment in the primary school is not enough. The environment and surroundings need to be adapted to their needs in order to enable them to develop positive self-esteem and confidence as well as ground equal chances for their growth. Unfortunately, physically disabled children mostly do not participate equally at regular physical activities hours. Ordinary, they exercise separately with their assigned assistants. That already separates and differentiates them from the other children. If teachers knew how to include all of the children in all of class activities it would be a significant step forward to better integrate physically disabled children. Dancing already makes part of the school curriculum and as such could be a binding activity. Dancing in wheelchairs helps disabled children to rehabilitate. With properly adjusted training damaged motor skills are exercised, children’s motivation is lifted, emotional and mental development is encouraged and at the same time social needs are satisfied. While students have fun and relax through dancing they are developing their overall motion and motor skills. Their creativeness released, they become more self-confident and thus have better relationships within a group. In present thesis we analyze the measurements taken before and after dancing workshops in two second grade classes. Also a survey was carried out on the meaning of healthy motion and sports activities. The analyzed measurements are represented in the sociogram. We have studied physically disabled children in regard to social integration, motor coordination in a wheelchair, dance creativity and expressiveness and body-music coordination. The measurements have shown that exercises in dancing develop children's social and motor skills, their expression and creativity. In dancing children relax and satisfy their need to play and move. Positive relationships are spread and formed in a group and motivation and satisfaction are on a much higher level. After four months of dance workshops carried out within researched group of children the measurements have shown important improvements in motor skills, more exercising resulted in children having and expressing more positive feelings while dancing. Even the integration in the class seemed to improve. Statistics of the general assessment of healthy exercising show the beneficial influence of sports activities and/or any kind of movement exercises on health: the researched group of children has been more physically active after the four months period of testing, they had better inclination toward for doing sports and home chores, the non-physically disabled children also spent less of their free time sitting and, not lastly, they have started to drink more water. No other criterion in the research shows statistically significant improvements. In, there were no. The sociometric test proved that the dance workshops helped the physically disabled children to improve their social relations upon which they were accepted more cordially by their peers. Grading scale of motion in a wheelchair the results prove statistically important improvements in the quality of movement by the physical disabled person. This Master thesis work contains the examples of adjusted motion social games, creative movement as well as children's, folk and social dances. In the thesis we have laid down the recommendations for teachers in order to show how to include a physically disabled student in motion activities. With the latter we reduce the obstacles that often exclude physically disabled children from participating in all scholar activities.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: : dance, physically disabled children, dancing in wheelchair, social integration, children's, folk and social dances, physical education chart, motion skills for health, creative movement
    Number of Pages: 183
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Jera GregorcMentor
    izr. prof. dr. Rajko VuteComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=11230281)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 3907
    Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2016 13:04
    Last Modified: 10 Oct 2016 13:04
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/3907

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