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Storytelling of 6-9 year old children with specific speech and language impairment

Tamara Sevšek (2016) Storytelling of 6-9 year old children with specific speech and language impairment. MSc thesis.

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    Language and speech are closely connected, with language being the basic means of communication and speech its realisation. The development of speaking and language skills begins at a child's birth, therefore it is essential to offer a child the most favourable conditions for developing speech and language. Children learn about the use of language, its meaning and structure through interactions with other people. Narration as a speaking skill begins to evolve with toddlers and becomes more complex and abstract as they grow, since the ability to narrate develops simultaneously with the acquisition of language. Therefore 6-year-old children are already able to tell stories using an adequate narrative structure. In my study I concentrate on the storytelling of 6 to 9-year-old children. I put special focus on the differences of narration between two groups of children: those with specific speech and language impairment (SSLI) and those without it. I also try to determine how a child's age affects the storytelling. At the beginning, some characteristics of storytelling as well as those of speech and language impairment are presented. I also present the role of narration in language and the development of narration with a child's age. I list and describe various types of analyses of storytelling and the criteria for assessing storytelling. I define speech, language, and speech and language impairment, which is presented and defined on a continuum from mild to severe. I present the characteristics of language impairment, especially those of specific speech and language impairment. The difficulties of the children with SSLI are described and classified according to levels of linguistic structure. The empirical part of the study researches the differences in narration between children with specific speech and language impairment and those without SSLI as well as the influence of age on the narration of children. The sample comprises children with and without SSLI, aged from 6 to 9. I selected 60 stories which I analysed and assessed on the basis of criteria determined by the diagnostic test The Frog Prince (MarjanovičUmek, L., FekonjaPeklaj, U., Kranjc, S., Sočan, G., Komidar, L., 2012). The results of the research clearly show that the presence of SSLI has a significant influence on storytelling of 6 to 9-year-old children and that the narration of older children is longer, more complex and better structured.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: storytelling, specific speech and language impairment, The Frog Prince
    Number of Pages: 104
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Martina OzbičMentor
    red. prof. dr. Simona KranjcComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=10998345)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 3454
    Date Deposited: 11 May 2016 14:42
    Last Modified: 11 May 2016 14:42
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/3454

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