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Risk-taking propensity and the effect of positive mood on risk taking behavior of ski-mountaineers

Tina Štukelj (2015) Risk-taking propensity and the effect of positive mood on risk taking behavior of ski-mountaineers. MSc thesis.

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    Inseparability of risk-taking and ski-mountaineering, sensational reporting on fatal consequences of bad decisions, and ambiguous statements by ski-mountaineers are just a few reasons why ski-mountaineers are often labelled as risk-takers. The aim of this study was, first, to investigate if ski-mountaineers really show higher risk-taking tendencies, compared to a matched group of participants involved in a low-risk sport (volleyball), and, secondly, to see how responsive they are to emotional distractors, more precisely to experimentally induced positive affect. In a first experiment, risk taking in 20 ski-mountaineers and 20 volleyball players was assessed with the Columbia Card Task, which enabled a differentiation between affective and deliberative processes during risky decision making. The results showed increased risk-taking tendencies in ski-mountaineers in the case of deliberative risky decision-making, with this difference vanishing when adding affect-charged information. Ski-mountaineers showed a higher reliance on their own capabilities and a more internal locus of control, and more controlled and stable pattern of risky decision making, while volleyball players relied much more on external factors and luck. In a second experiment, the stability of ski-mountaineers’ risky decision making was tested using ski-mountaineering vignettes varied for avalanche danger, before and after a positive mood induction procedure. The results of this experiment showed that positive mood resulted in decreased risk assessment and increased risk-taking tendency. Moreover, the most stable risky decision making has been found with those ski-mountaineers who had practiced ski-mountaineering for a long time. The latter finding and the nature of certain mountaineering accidents was explained with reference to the Recognition-Primed Decision Making model (RPDM), and the combination of the informational approach, and congruency between mood and decision making strategy. To conclude, the results of our study indicate the topic of emotion awareness and emotion regulation should become an important element of education on safe ski-mountaineering.

    Item Type: Thesis (MSc thesis)
    Keywords: ski-mountaineering, affective and deliberative decision making, risk-taking, positive affect, risk assessment
    Number of Pages: 98
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    prof. dr. Claus LammMentor
    red. prof. dr. Olga MarkičComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=10743369)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana, Universität Wien, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 3144
    Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2015 07:51
    Last Modified: 01 Mar 2016 11:16
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/3144

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