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The integration of Slovenian folk dance heritage into educational process in the primary school

Metka Knific (2015) The integration of Slovenian folk dance heritage into educational process in the primary school. PhD thesis.

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    Abstract

    In my PhD thesis the Slovene folk dance heritage in the educational process of all nine classes of primary school is discussed. In the theoretical part of the thesis the Slovene folk dance heritage, its function and forms and other ethnochoreological features are presented. Theoretical standings are upgraded by placing the Slovene folk dance heritage in the educational process and developing the didactics of teaching the Slovene folk dance heritage. By integrating the Slovene folk dance heritage in the educational process the relation towards the Slovene folk dance heritage is being built. The children are being taught the dance tradition while developing their ethnic and other place-related identity dealt with by numerous Slovene and foreign authors who discuss the heritage's folklorizing. Reproducing the Slovene folk dance heritage enables the students to develop their own perception of belonging to the nation, as being people with ethnic identity, as being the ones with their peculiarities, as being different from others. Developing the perception of state and national identity and knowledge about history of the Slovenes and their culture as well as developing and preserving one's cultural tradition could be perceived as the important segments to be developed in the educational process by the teachers. Quality teaching needs good preparation since education is a planned activity and strives to fulfill different objectives. An important element is special didactics which comes to its findings through inductive and deductive methods and can be understood as an individual, distinctively interdisciplinary science. It researches and explains the tasks, the teaching contents, teaching methods, teaching forms, teaching aids, teaching accessories on the example of integrating the Slovene folk dance heritage in the educational process, with the emphasis on educational methods based on traditional dances. According to the subject in question and the research objectives I was establishing the theoretical and didactic knowledge of the teachers about the Slovene folk dance heritage, how it is incorporated in the educational process, what empahasis the teachers place on the Slovene folk dance heritage as a co-former of the identity and how the teachers use the records of the Slovene folk dance heritage. Besides I was interested in the effect and the experience of the teachers with the implementation of the educational model for incorporating the Slovene folk dance heritage in the educational process. I established that only one fifth of the teachers has a good theoretical knowledge about the Slovene folk dance heritage and that the teachers had to gain most of their knowledge about the subject outside their regular training where greater emphasis was placed on practical contents than theoretical ones. Records of dances, which describe the traditional dances were identified by only two percent of the teachers interviewed. Most of the teachers usually learn the traditional dances by watching video recordings, training or reading descriptions in books. Despite recognizing more difficult elements of the dances they do not adjust them to the needs of children of different ages and dance abilities. More than half of the teachers only play music before they start teaching or sing the tune and dance. When the students are taught the dances the teachers in general are personaly pleased and feel they are developing a positive relationship with the local heritage. A great majority of them agrees that is the way the ethnic and national identity is being developed. They also see a positive role in recognizing the Slovene folk dance tradition in other aspects. They certainly agree that a positive relationship to Slovene culture and tradition is being encouraged by learning traditional dances. Based on the established state I developed a teacher training model which would integrate the contents of the Slovene folk dance heritage in the educational process. The model includes exercises for developing the rhythmic pitch and music memory, basic steps (walking, running, jumping, sideward steps, triple steps). Exercises for command of space, dance formations and dance posture are included together with exercises for observation, memory development and encouragement of creativity. In continuation of the empirical part the effect and experience of the teachers with becoming familiar with the model of incorporating the Slovene folk dance heritage in the educational process was being researced through three focus groups. The results show that the teachers who became familiar with the new model will clearly know how to tackle the teaching of individual dances. According to their opinion a good understanding of the structure of the dance enables gradual integration of the Slovene folk dance heritage elements in school. They pointed out some key imperfections of the model such as music accompaniment and multimedia recordings that should have been part of the model. They also stress the difficulty of understanding all the figures because this requires some prior understanding and/ or extra training from the part of the teacher. In the future a dilemma of selecting individual elements/ exercises of the model for specific grades should be resolved. The existent researches, based on the appropriate research methods, showed that the produced model was useful as was the discussion, the research and the analysis of its implementation into practice.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
    Keywords: dance tradition, folk dance heritage, dance didactics, teacher training, primary school
    Number of Pages: 313
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Barbara Sicherl KafolMentor
    izr. prof. dr. Urban KordešComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=10738761)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 3138
    Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2015 09:00
    Last Modified: 06 Oct 2015 09:00
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/3138

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