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A flowchart-based multi-agent system for assisting novice programmers with problem solving activities

Danial Hooshyar and Rodina Binti Ahmad and Ram Gopal Raj and Mohd Hairul Nizam Md Nasir and Moslem Yousefi Yousefi and Shi-Jinn Horng and Jože Rugelj (2015) A flowchart-based multi-agent system for assisting novice programmers with problem solving activities. Malaysian journal of computer science, 28 (2). pp. 132-151. ISSN 0127-9084

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    In the early stages of learning computer programming, Computer Science (CS) minors share a misconception of what programming is . In order to address th is problem, FMAS, a f lowchar t - based m ulti - a gent s ystem is developed to familiarize students who have no prior k nowledge of programming , with the initial stages in learning programming . The aim is to improve students’ problem solving skills and to introduce the m to the basic programmi ng algorithms prior to surface structure , using an automatic text - to - flowchart conversion approach. Therefore, students can focus less on language and syntax and more on designing solution s through flowchart development. The way text - to - flowchart conversio n as a visualization - based approach is employed in FMAS to engage students in flowchart development for subsequent programming stages is discussed in this paper. Finally, an experimental study is devised to assess the success of FMAS, and positive feedback is achieved . Therefore, using FMAS in practice is supported , as the results indicate considerable gains for the experimental group over the control group. The results also show that an automatic text - to - flowchart conversion approach applied in FMAS succes sfully motivated nearly all participants in problem solving activities. Consequently, the results suggest additional , future development of our proposed approach in the form of an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) to mak e the early stages of learning progr amming more encouraging for students.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: programming, computer science, learning
    Related URLs:
    URLURL Type
    http://e-journal.um.edu.my/filebank/published_article/8019/1535.pdfAlternative location
    http://cobiss4.izum.si/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=50126&rid=10602313&fmt=11&lani=siAlternative location
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Divisions: Department of Mathematics and Computing > Chair of Computing and Applied Mathematics
    Item ID: 2867
    Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2015 07:08
    Last Modified: 01 Jul 2015 07:08
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2867

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