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Comparing the expected and measured achievements of pupils at the national assessments of knowledge of physics

Alenka Mehle (2014) Comparing the expected and measured achievements of pupils at the national assessments of knowledge of physics. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    The graduation thesis deals with the comparison between the expected and measured performance of pupils in the national assessment of knowledge in Physics. By comparing the data on the expected and measured levels of tasks difficulty, we have identified the tasks which deviate from the average. The analysis is limited to the tasks from the regular assessment terms, for which the data are statistically more reliable. The thesis is aimed at identifying the correlation between the expected and measured level of difficulty of the tasks and the pupil's age, cognitive level, area and difficulty category. We argue that the expected performance is higher than the measured performance in the majority of cases and that the estimates for low-difficulty tasks are better than estimates for high-difficulty tasks. We investigate the main reasons for the cases in which the highest difference between the measured and expected performance was detected. In the tasks where the predited perofmance is higher than the measured we discuss whether this is due to the task description or level of difficulty. We argue that none of the deviations can be accounted for by poor task description but rather by the inadequate difficulty level of the task. In addition, several reasons for the poor performance of pupils in a particular task will be discussed. The following areas are found to be the most difficult, even when easy tasks are involved: force, work, energy, temperature, pressure, buoyancy and density. It is worth noting that some tasks at the first cognitive level which rely on data memorization are considerably below the expected level. The principal aim of the thesis is to enhance the task solving predictions in future national assessments of knowledge in physics on the basis of past experiences.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: national assessment of knowledge, performance at solving problems, comparative analysis, physics
    Number of Pages: 45
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Jurij BajcMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=10183753)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 2385
    Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2014 12:12
    Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 12:12
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2385

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