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Effects of yoga on quality of life of three patients with multiple sclerosis

Tina Zaletel (2014) Effects of yoga on quality of life of three patients with multiple sclerosis. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease that attacks the central nervous system (Herndon, 2000). Yoga is not a cure for MS, but it helps to manage typical symptoms of disease and relieves emotional stress (Fishman in Small, 2007). The purpose of our research was to study the influence of yoga therapy on quality of life of three patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. They were 66, 53 and 42 years old. They did a twelve-week yoga programme adapted to their abilities. The quality of life was measured using the MS-specific MSQOL-54 questionnaire. The quality of life scores of patient A and D were below the average level whereas patient P reached scores above the average level. The results corresponded to scores on a Kurtzke Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). We found correlations between the lower quality of life and the duration of disease and the patient’s age. Although yoga therapy did not eliminate the symptoms of MS, they became less severe. Therefore, it turned out to be one of the possible alternative methods of treatment, but could not serve as a replacement of the orthodox medicine. After the completion of the twelve-week adapted yoga programme, the composite score of physical health of MSQOL-54 scale was improved for all three patients. We noticed that exercise frequency also has an influence since patient A who did yoga every day made the biggest progress on the physical health score. Patient D made a great improvement in the composite score of mental health of MSQOL-54 scale, whereas patient A’s score almost did not change. In case of patient A, yoga therapy reduced the symptoms of fatigue and improved her balance. Her walk became more stable and coordinated. In addition, quality and duration of sleep also improved. We found out that yoga therapy did not have an influence on the bladder control problems.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: multiple sclerosis, yoga, quality of life, MSQOL-54
    Number of Pages: 75
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Tjaša FilipčičMentor
    asist. Jerneja TerčonComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=10155849)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 2340
    Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2014 11:52
    Last Modified: 12 Nov 2015 14:11
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2340

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