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Child's position in a family in the past and today

Suzana Hodnik (2014) Child's position in a family in the past and today. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    The diploma is about the differences between the traditional and the modern family and the integration of the child into it. The family no longer consists only of father, mother and children. Family structures are changing and getting diverse because of the pressure of society. This is not necessarily negative – because of that we have different forms of families (one-parent families, reorganised families, gay families …), which do not have social stigma anymore. Different types of family also existed in the past, but they were considered as »incomplete«. Nowadays we have pluralistic families which results in new forms of living together. A lot of couples decide not to get married, some of them give priority to career over kids, because people have different expectations about being parent and what kind of responsibility that means. Characteristics of modern family are decline in birth rates, increasing average age of mother having first child, large number of divorced families and decreasing marriage rates. All the changes in the past few years are showing in deintitutionalization of family and in alternative forms of family. In the traditional families children did not have any word at taking decisions and parents did not take account of their views. Children were a part of the community,in which they had to contribute their part (helping in household etc.). Parents had absolute authority. In such families, there was one-way communication. Children were strictly controlled and they had to be disciplined and obedient. The desired behavior was achieved by punishments, beatings, humiliation, ridicule and intimidation. That kind of disciplining is also in use today, but not so often as in past. Family life in the modern world is characterized by major changes. Today, families are less numerous and children are treated as individualists. Adults listen to children and take account of their views. Children are not so involved in household chores as in the past, because people think childhood should be carefree, children should play and have fun. The family has become much more democratic unit. Social concern and love for children is something new, which takes place in raising children. The role of children in the family has changed, now we know that childhood is significant period of life.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: child, childhood, family, education, pluralistic family, deinstitutionalization of family
    Number of Pages: 78
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Marjan ŠimencMentor
    asist. mag. Živa Kos KecojevićComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=10107465)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 2282
    Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2014 13:28
    Last Modified: 14 Jul 2014 13:28
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2282

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