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Forest, meadow and stream as a stimulating environment for the development of pre-school children

Tanja Hauptman (2014) Forest, meadow and stream as a stimulating environment for the development of pre-school children. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    The environment has a large impact on the child’s development. It is known that the natural environment differs heavily from closed spaces and standardized playground considering what it offers for children. The natural environment has numerous characteristics that suit the needs of children for encouraging and diverse environment for playing and learning. In the preschool period the child develops quickly and is very curious. Children in this period need real new knowledge, gained in an active way. Free play of children in a natural environment develops into more creative form, since children assign natural materials a symbolic meaning and consequently create a more imaginative play. The purpose of the thesis is to find out, how children experience playing and learning in a natural environment, how being in a natural environment influences their behaviour, emotions, social relationships and concentration and what types of plays and relationships they develop in a natural environment, when activities arise from them. I also analyzed, how much and which for learning provides a natural environment for preschool children, whether they enjoy playing in a natural environment, how they use natural materials and objects and whether they notice the biotic diversity on a meadow, at a stream or in a forest. For researching I used the method of qualitative research with observation. The sample was a group of 10 boys and 12 girls, aged from 4 to 5. I spent 6 natural science days with them: 2 on a meadow, 2 in a forest and 2 at a stream. I found that each of these 3 environments, which I offered kids for playing and researching, provide a lot of encouragement for active learning and playing. Playing in nature was more creative as on an organized playground or playroom or not encouraging environment. Nature represented a rich origin for gaining knowledge and progress in all fields, not only in the field of natural science. In nature are noticeable less aggression and more cooperation between children.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: meadow, stream, forest, playing and learning in nature, active learning, nature
    Number of Pages: 56
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    viš. pred. dr. Marjanca KosMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=10029385)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 2102
    Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2014 10:50
    Last Modified: 17 Apr 2014 10:50
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2102

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