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Dysgraphia in primary school

Andrea Ivačič (2013) Dysgraphia in primary school. Diploma thesis.

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    The purpose of the university diploma thesis is to study the influence of a sex on the phenomenon and characteristics of dysgraphia in school children. Dysgraphia falls into the group of specific learning difficulties namely into the sub-group of specific deficits at the level of visual motor processes which are causing difficulties in writing. Furthermore, this thesis also deals with the study of the theoretical bases and research findings referring to the process of writing, differences between sexes, writing development and difficulties as well as specific writing disorders or dysgraphia. The emphasis is to highlight differences between boys and girls in the learning writing skills and difficulties involved and also specific disturbances. Difficulties in writing are a common problem in primary school that requires more attention from the perspective of identification and assistance. In the school period the problems with writing are two to three times more frequent than difficulties in reading, however different authors estimate difficulties in writing to be common to 10–30% of primary school children. Numerous researches about differences between the two sexes find girls to be more successful with verbal tasks. Yet, their fine motor skills are more developed. On the other hand, boys are found to gain better results at special and abstract thinking and scientific reasoning. The results of studies related to difficulties in learning in various countries have shown boys to outnumber girls in this field, which is also the case with difficulties in writing and dysgraphia. 21–23 % of boys are facing troubles in writing, while the percentage of girls is estimated to be about 11–12 %. Almost 75 % of children suffering from dysgraphia are mainly male. Australian researchers have found no differences in writing speed between boys and girls, however the readability of writing was found to be significantly of better quality with girls. The research review has demonstrated that difficulties in writing might be considered as an important problem in primary school that demands additional research studies also from the aspect of specific differences between the two sexes. Better understanding of problems caused by dysgraphia as well as differences between both sexes will enable the development of recommendations for identification, effective teaching and treatment of children with difficulties in writing also with regard to sex differences as well as planning the empiric study of the issue.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: writing, differences between the sexes, graphomotor skills, difficulties in writing, dysgraphia
    Number of Pages: 34
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Lidija MagajnaMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9775177)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 1761
    Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 14:23
    Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 14:23
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/1761

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