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Methods for developing endurance in preschool time

Alenka Humar (2013) Methods for developing endurance in preschool time. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this thesis is to present the methods for developing endurance and find out which method that the researchers have developed for adults we can use in preschool education based on motor and physical development of the preschool children. Based on the critical analysis of modern Slovene and foreign literature we presume that during the preschool years the most suitable method for developing endurance is the fartlek method. Fartlek means the game of speed. It includes fast and slow runs, different physical activities during practice and enables individual a lot of freedom and adaptation during practice. We can find a similar way of realization in the method of game. When we want to develop endurance with this method we use two or more locations in between which children move things around, solve problems or construct something. The main goal is that children walk or run the distance several times. We wanted to examine if the heart rate of children during the method of game is similar to the heart rate of an adult during practice fartlek. The sample used in the research consisted of seven preschool children aged between 5 and 6. We equipped the children with heart rate monitors and monitored them while performing physical activity like method of game. We discovered that children differentiate from adults in the field of motor and physical skills. Because the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are not developed yet with the preschool children, the strain on the body is bigger as with the adults. The ossification of the child's skeletal system is not finished yet that's why extreme and long endurance training is not appropriate for the children as it leads to depletion of minerals and nutrition needed for bone growth. We can conclude that with preschool children it is not possible to develop endurance by using continual and interval method, because both methods lead to anaerobic area and with this to the collapse of acid-basis balance and also put too much pressure on the organism. Fartlek is the only method which can be suitable for developing endurance during preschool education. Its main characteristic is that everyone can adjust the level of strain according to his ability which means that the children can stop anytime and this means that it does not come to overexertion. With this we confirmed the first hypothesis which is that the only appropriate method for developing endurance during preschool years is fartlek. With the help of the measurements we also confirmed the second hypothesis – through the method of game we develop the endurance by the fartlek method. From the graphs showing the frequency of the child's heartbeat we can read that on average the level of effort was between 50% and 85 % respectively their heart rate was between 140 and 190 bpm. With the majority of children we noticed exchanging intervals of lesser and greater exertion. Its length and intensity differ as the child adjusts the level of strain according to his individual needs. This being also the main characteristic of the fartlek method.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: preschool children, motor development, endurance, fartlek, method of game, heart rate
    Number of Pages: 31
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Jera GregorcMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9775689)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 1742
    Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 11:16
    Last Modified: 30 Sep 2013 11:16
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/1742

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