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Assessment in music education in primary school

Ada Holcar Brunauer (2013) Assessment in music education in primary school. PhD thesis.

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    The doctoral dissertation examines the issue of assessment and evaluation of music education in the elementary school. The theoretical part is highlighted by different theories and perspectives on learning in music education, their manifestation in the classroom, the role they play in this self-regulation, and evaluation and assessment. An analysis of the theoretical and empirical research on the process of acquiring knowledge, learning, teaching and assessment in music education demonstrates the necessity to find a balance between a number of strategies, styles and methods. In the theoretical part, as well as learning theories, important research is presented in the area of self-regulation, carried out by music psychologists who have studied the quantity and quality of practice by musician instrumental-experts. In contrast to investigation focused on the study of practice by the world-class musicians, research is presented examining how students set personal goals, direct behavior to achieve set objectives and take responsibility for their own learning and learn most effectively. The focus of the theoretical part is the area of testing and assessment, which shows various aspects of the evaluation, the purpose of which is to increase the positive and reduce the negative impact of assessment, from the teacher and external sources, and while increasing the quality of knowledge. The state and the potential of integrated forms of assessment and evaluation is discussed, facilitating the monitoring and evaluation of all processes of learning music and all kinds of musical outcomes. The monitoring of the learning process and learning progress as well as results is essential in music education, providing a more objective and qualitative determination on the value of outcomes. In the process of learning music quality feedback plays a vital role, which contributes to the effective improvement of learning outcomes, to independent learning, develops metacognition, promotes self-regulation, self-assessment and further learning. The empirical part presents some of the findings for a modification of the culture of teaching, testing and assessment in music education, and describes in detail how: to involve learners in the process of assessment and evaluation of knowledge, to shape quality feedback, to enhance students' ability for reflection, self-assessment and control of their own learning and how to introduce authentic methods of testing and assessment in music education. The presented model facilitates the adaptation of guidelines to the needs and specifications of the class, students’ preferences and teachers' expertise and views. Qualitative research has provided insight into how students experience and perceive the learning process in music education. A model of learning, teaching, evaluation and assessment has been researched and reconstructed together with students. New insights, which reflected the reality of the participants, have been implemented into the lessons and in this way ensured their modification and restructuring. As a basic investigative approach the method of action research has been used. Two action cycles were planned and executed, with the intention to improve the teaching practice. Completion of each action cycle was followed by the analysis of results in the form of multiple case studies. Since there was a marked qualitative problem, the hermeneutics method has been used. At the beginning and after each action cycle a focus group was undertaken with the students. The purpose of the study was to provide descriptions of the different constructed realities, and not to arrive at general principles. Findings of the study in which students were given instruction with an emphasis on the development of metacognitive strategies or developing proactive and self-regulatory attitudes to learning, evaluation and assessment, broaden understanding of how to integrate evaluating and testing into the learning process, and monitor all processes of music learning. The focus is on the different methods and forms of evaluation and assessment where students participate in the design of criteria and specifications for the assessment, planning various forms of presentation of lessons learned and are included in the process of self-examination and self-assessment. They become co-creators of the educational process and its results, which motivates them to work and to be equipped with skills and experience that they can take with them in life, and help to create a positive attitude to evaluation and assessment. The present model could change music education considerably as we know at any given moment, but teachers would no longer have the opportunity to tackle learning material, which in their view they should modify and add new learning goals. Learning for understanding and maintenance of the desire to continue learning requires a focus on a smaller number of targets and a narrower field of music, which facilitates the updating of the Curriculum for Music Education (2011). Teachers will need to look within themselves, their beliefs and what they believe their students can achieve, utilizing the knowledge at their disposal, while listening, creating, reflecting and discussing music in school and outside school.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
    Keywords: music education, elementary school, evaluation and assessment of knowledge, self-regulation, self-assessment
    Number of Pages: 290
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Barbara Sicherl KafolMentor
    izr. prof. dr. Urban KordešComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9773129)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 1739
    Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2013 07:19
    Last Modified: 27 Sep 2013 07:19
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/1739

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