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The development of preschool education in Selška dolina

Katarina Mohorič (2013) The development of preschool education in Selška dolina. Diploma thesis.

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    The oldest record on preschool education on the territory of Slovenia dates back to 11th century. According to Valvasor, a wealthy townsman and a merchant, Pavel Berlach founded an orphanage, where pupils and orphans were brought up. Through the years there was a growing tendency for organized care. In the 13th century the bishops of Škofja Loka systematically colonized Selška dolina valley with blacksmith population. The life of a blacksmith was extremely hard, for they were forging for as many as fourteen hours a day. Many blacksmith' families lived together in one house – hygiene was poor. Children were born at home in kamra (kamra) or hiša (both terms ''kamra'' and ''hiša'' refer to a room in a farmhouse where the whole family gathers; however, ''kamra'' usually denotes a room smaller than ''hiša''.) being helped by elderly women. From the birth on babies were swaddled in bandage-like straps and they were taken to work in woven baskets or cradles. Childhood mortality was high due to poor diet, poor hygiene and various contagious diseases. Children played in nature or with toys made of natural materials. Families were based on patriarchy; families also exerted intimidation and punishment. At the end of 19th century there came a time of crisis for Železniki and blacksmithing fell into decline. One of the major sources of income became the art of making bobbin lace. During the Second World War the Germans reorganized parochial house in Železniki into a kindergarten, which then served as a place for the process of Feminisation. From 1949 to 1952 a Kindergarten of dr. Valerija Strnad started to operate under the scope of Zadruga Niko cooperation; the kindergarten was named after the then doctor in Železniki. Renewed economic growth contributed to the opening of new kindergartens: Vrtec Železniki kindergarten was the first to be opened, being followed by its branch unit in the village Selca and in 1995 Antonov vrtec kindergarten opened its doors.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: preschool education in Slovenia, childhood in the age of blacksmithing, development of organized preschool education in Selška dolina, kindergartens in Selška dolina in the present days
    Number of Pages: 44
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    izr. prof. dr. Tatjana DevjakMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9751113)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 1692
    Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2013 08:46
    Last Modified: 16 Sep 2013 08:46
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/1692

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