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Prediction of learning difficulties by non-verbal praxic and rhythmic tests

Ana Turšič (2013) Prediction of learning difficulties by non-verbal praxic and rhythmic tests. Diploma thesis.

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    Abstract

    The thesis Prediction of Learning Difficulties by Non-verbal Praxic and Rhythmic Tests deals with the detection of learning difficulties by means of non-verbal praxic and rhythmic tests. Most children with learning difficulties are discovered in the third or fourth grade of primary school, thereby the earliest period of child development and education is missed. Therefore, the main purpose of this thesis is to determine whether it is possible, with the help of movement imitation test (Berges - Lezine) and reproduction tests of rhythmic patterns, to extract students who show learning difficulties. We tried to avoid the use of verbal tests by using Berges - Lezine test. Furthermore, such testing is also suitable for pupils who come from a foreign langugage enviroment or have difficulties with speaking skills. The study included 84 pupils (42 girls and 42 boys) from 1st to 5th grade of Spodnja Šiška Primary School. Each pupil carried out 20 tasks of Bergez - Lezine test, consisting of hand and shoulder gestures and, 20 tasks of Bergez - Lezine test, consisting of palm and finger movements. The pupils also completed 20 tasks of reproduction of rhythmic patterns. These consist of nine samples of two-stroke rhythms and 11 patterns of three-stroke rhythms. Testing was not limited in time. On average, 15 minutes were used for each individual. The class teacher was asked to complete the questionnaire for each pupil involved. The main aim of it was to acquire the teacher's opinion on potential problems in pupil's learning and, whether these learning difficulties are diagnosed. In the empirical part, we were interested in the correlation between effectiveness of performance and, gender, age and, teacher's opinion. We were also interested in the differences between the performance of pupils with individual programme plan and the performance of pupils without individual programme plan. The results showed: - That the ability of imitation palm and finger movements and reproductive patterns have developed over the years. - That girls were statistically significant more succesful in the imitation of movement test, but there was no significant difference between the sexes in the rhythm reproduction test. - That pupils without the individual program plan passed the imitation of movement test better. However, in the rhythm reproduction test there were no statistically significant differences. - That the teacher's opinion is of considerable importance since the pupils, for whom the teachers feel to have learning difficulties, achieve lower score and vice versa.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma thesis)
    Keywords: learning difficulties, imitation of movements, rhythm reproduction, earlier detection of learning difficulties
    Number of Pages: 80
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Martina OzbičMentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9696329)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 1627
    Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2013 10:57
    Last Modified: 12 Jul 2013 10:57
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/1627

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