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The emergence of new fatherhood and the role of father in child raising prior to entering school

Katarina Vučko (2012) The emergence of new fatherhood and the role of father in child raising prior to entering school. Diploma work.

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    The role of the father in the family has changed over time. Traditionally, fathers were not involved with the care and upbringing of their children, this role belonged to mothers only. Social and environmental changes have brought about the changes in family life, since women began to involve in the public sphere and politics. Due to a changed way of life, the problem regarding active parenting arouse. The role of fathers in childcare has become more and more important, and this led to greater gender equality.Active involvement of fathers in the family should mean more distribution of work and responsibility, which is linked to the creation of new fatherhood. New fatherhood means integrating man as the father in entire family work and not only involving in term of care for children. The new role of fathers in modern family was mainly the result of changes in the field of labour market. Mass emergence of women's employment outside the family and their education as a means of achieving gender equality is a major impact on society as a whole. A need for rationalization and distribution of domestic work has appeared. Now we can no longer speak of male and female work and mother's absence has no bad influence on children's development.The first chapter is about changes in modern society. I summarize the importance of the process of individualization, involving both, individuals and society as a whole, institutions, groups, families and business groups. Self-reflexive relationship in modern times does not provide any assurance, security, anticipation. Normal biographies of people are no longer possible, life in all areas pluralizes. Individuals are the starting point and goal of manipulation in the sphere of production, consumption and trade of the modern market and media. In the society, reorganized family communities appear, social parenthood replaces biological parenthood, there are more divorces, fewer marriages and an increasing number of single people. Parenting becomes binding to both parents.The second chapter focuses on the development of fatherhood up to the emergence of modern fatherhood – new fatherhood. The notion of fatherhood and the distribution of roles within the family have been affected on by the following factors: the feminist movement, women's employment outside home, changes in education, and some other social changes. The emergence of new fatherhood indicates a shift towards greater involvement of fathers in family work as a whole and stressed cooperation in caring for children. Changes take place slowly and are more notable at the point of subjective views than on the level of actual implementation. Determination of paternity leave and childcare is a key mechanism for the country that wishes to protect and support fatherhood and gender equality. In the same way as women can be included in the public sphere and politics today, the role of men can become compatible with feelings and care for children. In the last chapter I note that father develops creativity, self-involvement, general adaptability to the requirements of reality and social maturity in the child.

    Item Type: Thesis (Diploma work)
    Keywords: parenting, fatherhood, motherhood, individualization
    Number of Pages: 52
    Language of Content: Slovenian
    Mentor / Comentors:
    Mentor / ComentorsIDFunction
    doc. dr. Marjan ŠimencMentor
    izr. prof. dr. Urban KordešComentor
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50126&select=(ID=9600329)
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Education
    Item ID: 1413
    Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2013 12:45
    Last Modified: 15 Apr 2013 12:45
    URI: http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/1413

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